TaCL: Improve BERT Pre-training with Token-aware Contrastive Learning

基于TaCL-BERT的中文命名实体识别及中文分词

Paper: TaCL: Improve BERT Pre-training with Token-aware Contrastive Learning

Authors: Yixuan Su, Fangyu Liu, Zaiqiao Meng, Lei Shu, Ehsan Shareghi, and Nigel Collier

论文主Github repo: https://github.com/yxuansu/TaCL

引用:

如果我们提供的资源对你有帮助,请考虑引用我们的文章。

@misc{su2021tacl,
      title={TaCL: Improving BERT Pre-training with Token-aware Contrastive Learning}, 
      author={Yixuan Su and Fangyu Liu and Zaiqiao Meng and Lei Shu and Ehsan Shareghi and Nigel Collier},
      year={2021},
      eprint={2111.04198},
      archivePrefix={arXiv},
      primaryClass={cs.CL}
}

环境配置

python version == 3.8
pip install -r requirements.txt

模型结构

Chinese TaCL BERT + CRF

Huggingface模型:

Model Name Model Address
Chinese (cambridgeltl/tacl-bert-base-chinese) link

使用范例:

实验

一、实验数据集

(1). 命名实体识别: (1) MSRA (2) OntoNotes (3) Resume (4) Weibo

(2). 中文分词: (1) PKU (2) CityU (3) AS

二、下载数据集

chmod +x ./download_benchmark_data.sh
./download_benchmark_data.sh

三、下载训练好的模型

chmod +x ./download_checkpoints.sh
./download_checkpoints.sh

四、使用训练好的模型进行inference

cd ./sh_folder/inference/
chmod +x ./inference_{}.sh
./inference_{}.sh

对于不同的数据集{}的取值为['msra', 'ontonotes', 'weibo', 'resume', 'pku', 'cityu', 'as'],相关参数的含义为:

--saved_ckpt_path: 训练好的模型位置
--train_path: 训练集数据路径
--dev_path: 验证集数据路径
--test_path: 测试集数据路径
--label_path: 数据标签路径
--batch_size: inference时的batch size

五、测试集模型结果

使用提供的模型进行inference后,可以得到如下结果。

Dataset Precision Recall F1
MSRA 95.41 95.47 95.44
OntoNotes 81.88 82.98 82.42
Resume 96.48 96.42 96.45
Weibo 68.40 70.73 69.54
PKU 97.04 96.46 96.75
CityU 98.16 98.19 98.18
AS 96.51 96.99 96.75

六、从头训练一个模型

cd ./sh_folder/train/
chmod +x ./{}.sh
./{}.sh

对于不同的数据集{}的取值为['msra', 'ontonotes', 'weibo', 'resume', 'pku', 'cityu', 'as'],相关参数的含义为:

--model_name: 中文TaCL BERT的模型名称(cambridgeltl/tacl-bert-base-chinese)
--train_path: 训练集数据路径
--dev_path: 验证集数据路径
--test_path: 测试集数据路径
--label_path: 数据标签路径
--learning_rate: 学习率
--number_of_gpu: 可使用的GPU数量
--number_of_runs: 重复试验次数
--save_path_prefix: 模型存储路径

[Note 1] 我们没有对模型进行任何和学习率调参,2e-5只是默认值。通过调整学习率也许可以获得更好的结果。

[Note 2] 实际的batch size等于gradient_accumulation_steps x number_of_gpu x batch_size_per_gpu。我们推荐将其设置为128。

Inference: 使用在./sh_folder/inference/路径中的sh进行inference。将--saved_ckpt_path设置为自己重新训练好的模型的路径。

交互式使用训练好的模型进行inference

以下我们使用MSRA数据集作为范例。

(使用以下代码前,请先下载我们提供的训练好的模型以及数据集。具体的指导请见以上章节)

# 载入数据
from dataclass import Data
from transformers import AutoTokenizer
model_name = 'cambridgeltl/tacl-bert-base-chinese'
tokenizer = AutoTokenizer.from_pretrained(model_name)
data_path = r'./benchmark_data/NER/MSRANER/MSRA.test.char.txt'
label_path = r'./benchmark_data/NER/MSRANER/MSRA_NER_Label.txt'
max_len = 128
data = Data(tokenizer, data_path, data_path, data_path, label_path, max_len)

# 载入模型
import torch
from model import NERModel
model = NERModel(model_name, data.num_class)
ckpt_path = r'./pretrained_ckpt/msra/msra_ckpt'
model_ckpt = torch.load(ckpt_path, map_location=torch.device('cpu'))
model_parameters = model_ckpt['model']
model.load_state_dict(model_parameters)
model.eval()

# 提供输入
text = "中 共 中 央 致 中 国 致 公 党 十 一 大 的 贺 词"
text = "[CLS] " + text + " [SEP]"
tokens = tokenizer.tokenize(text)
# process token input
input_id = tokenizer.convert_tokens_to_ids(tokens)
input_id = torch.LongTensor(input_id).view(1, -1)
attn_mask = ~input_id.eq(data.pad_idx)
tgt_mask = [1.0] * len(tokens)
tgt_mask = torch.tensor(tgt_mask, dtype=torch.uint8).contiguous().view(1,-1)

# 使用模型进行解码
x = model.decode(input_id, attn_mask, tgt_mask)[0][1:-1] # remove [CLS] and [SEP] tokens.
res = ' '.join([data.id2label_dict[tag] for tag in x])
print (res)

# 模型输出结果: 
# B-NT M-NT M-NT E-NT O B-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT E-NT O O O
# 标准预测结果: 
# B-NT M-NT M-NT E-NT O B-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT M-NT E-NT O O O

联系

如果有任何的问题,以下是我的联系方式(ys484 at outlook dot com)。

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